A soccer field (also known as a football pitch or football field) is the playing surface for soccer. The dimensions, measurements, and markings of the field of play are defined by Law 1 of the Laws of the Game.
The Playing Field
A match can be played on either natural or artificial surfaces, according to the rules of the competition. However, it must be played on green artificial surfaces. Furthermore, whenever artificial surfaces are utilized in a competitive match, the character must comply with the FIFA Quality Concept for Football Turf or the International Artificial Turf Standard.
You can use wet or dry whitening powder based on ground calcium carbonate that is non-toxic for line markings. Never use hydrated lime (calcium hydroxide). The chemical can burn the skin and cause irritation.
Both its dry and wet forms are capable of causing serious damage to the eyes and skin when in contact.
In order to minimize the effect of the setting sun on players and especially the goalkeepers, the main playing field direction should be roughly north (between 285° and 20°) to south.
Markings On The Professional Soccer Field
Official soccer fields must be rectangular and marked with lines. They mark the boundaries of the area for the players. Touchlines mark the longer boundary lines. Goal lines mark the two shorter lines.
Two halves of the field are divided by a halfway line, which connects the halves. At the intersection of the halfway line is the center mark. Around it is marked a circle with a 9.15 m (10 yards) radius.
To ensure that defending players retreat when a corner kick is being taken, distance markings can be placed off the field of play at 9.15 meters (10 yards) from the corner arc and right angles to the goal lines and touchlines.
Official Soccer Field Dimensions
The length of the touchline must be greater than the length of the goal line. The minimum length of the touchline is 90 meters (100 yds), and the maximum is 120 meters (130 yds). The minimum width of the goal line is 45 meters (50 yds), and the maximum is 90 meters (100 yds). The actual line markings must be of the same width, not more than 12 cm (5 ins).
For international matches, The minimum length of the touchline is 100 meters (110 yds), and the maximum is 110 meters (120 yds). Likewise, the minimum width of the goal line for international matches is 64 meters (70 yds), and the maximum is 75 meters (80 yds).
These FIFA official soccer field dimensions apply to men’s and women’s adult matches. For players 16 years or younger, the dimensions of the soccer pitch should be reduced in size.
Unlike baseball diamonds or tennis courts, football pitches are not the same soccer field size. Many professional soccer teams prefer the regulation size of 105 by 68 meters (115 yds by 74 yds) with an area of 7,140 square meters or 1.76 acres.
Pitch Dimensions For Younger Players
The recommended standard field size for children and youth soccer by the Football Association and US Soccer.
- U7/U8 – 5v5 – 40 x 30 yards
- U9/U10 – 7v7 – 60 x 40 yards
- U11/U12 – 9v9 – 80 x 50 yards
- U13/U14 – 11v11 – 90 x 55 yards
- U15/U16 – 11v11 – 100 x 60 yards
The distance between football pitches should be a minimum of six yards when they are adjacent. There should be four additional yards for spectators.
The Goal And Penalty Area
At 5.50 meters (6 yds) from the inside of each goalpost, two lines are drawn at right angles to the goal line. A line parallel to the goal line connects these two lines, which extend into the field of play by 5.50 meters (6 yds). The goal area refers to the space between these two lines and the goal line. This is known as the 6-yard box.
At 16.5 meters (18 yds) from the inside of each goalpost, two lines are drawn at right angles to the goal line. A line drawn parallel to the goal line connects these lines, extending into the field of play for 16.5 meters (18 yards).
A penalty area is defined as the area between these lines and the goal line. Each penalty area is marked with a penalty mark 11 meters (12 yds) from the midpoint between the goalposts and equally spaced from them.
An arc is drawn within the penalty area with a radius of 9.15 meters (10 yds) from the center of each penalty mark.
The Corner Arc And Flagpost
Each soccer field corner must have a non-pointed top flagpost and a flag not less than 1.5 meters (5 ft) high. A flagpost may also be placed at each end of the halfway line, not less than 1 meter (1 yd) outside the touchline. A quarter-circle (1 yd radius) is drawn around each corner flagpost inside the field of play.
On each goal line, a goal must be positioned in the center. In addition, there are two upright posts equidistant from each corner flagpost and a horizontal crossbar across the top of the goal. Wood, metal, or another approved material must be used for the goalposts and crossbars.
They must be square, rectangular, round, or elliptical in shape and must not pose a danger to soccer players. The soccer goal size is 7.32 meters (8 yds) between the posts and 2.44 meters (8 ft) from the lower edge of the crossbar to the ground.
Posts and crossbars must be white. Neither the goalposts nor the crossbar exceeds 12 cm (5 inches) in width or depth. The goalposts and crossbar must have the same width as the goal lines. The goals and ground behind them may be equipped with nets, provided they are adequately supported and do not hinder the goalkeeper. Portable goals may only be used if they are securely anchored to the ground.
The Surface OF A Soccer Field
In most cases, natural grass or artificial turf is used for the surface of the soccer pitch. Some amateur and recreational teams play on dirt fields, depending on the country and the facilities. On the other hand, Artificial turf fields have similar playing characteristics to natural grass. Modern artificial soccer turf behaves identical to natural grass, as does player-to-surface interaction. Although a similar behavior, it’s not advisable wearing artificial soccer shoes on natural turf fields and vice versa.
Millions of soccer players worldwide can participate in their favorite sport all year long on artificial turf, and they can do so in the best conditions. Playable soccer pitches are no longer an issue. Matches are no longer abandoned. FIFA stipulates that artificial surfaces must be green in color.
Natural grass fields are more difficult to maintain than the new generation of artificial surfaces. As a result, a soccer field will require much less maintenance time and significantly reduced costs. Men’s World Cup soccer tournaments must be played on natural grass.